3 Fundamental Karate Punches.

Isn’t it true that everyone can throw a punch? Punches in karate are simple. It’s as simple as making a fist and slamming your opponent in the face. It’s that simple.

That’s what you may believe until you attempt punching someone or anything. If you’re lucky, you’ll just lose your balance and stumble a little; if you’re not, you’ll damage your hand or yourself. At the very least, you’ll discover that throwing a martial arts punch is more difficult than it appears.

Karate Punches Types

Not all punches are the same. We’re not talking about the person throwing it’s size or strength. Instead, we’re referring to the method. There are many different karate punches, just as there are many different methods to perform a karate kick. We’ll discuss about the Japanese terms for punches, choku-zuki, oi-zuki, and gyaku-zuki.

If your technique is right, the hit may be fatal for your opponent regardless of the kind you utilise. On the overall, karate punches are linear, straight, and extremely forceful.

Let’s have a look at how to perform these, beginning with the most basic.


You’ll need a strong base from which to hurl your karate punch or tsuki unless you want to wind up on your fanny (punch in Japanese). An off-balance punch’s strength will carry you too far in the direction of your punch and bring you crashing to the ground.

Step 1: Adopt the Appropriate Posture

As a result, you’ll want to start with a strong natural or horse-riding posture. Your legs should be shoulder-width apart with your knees slightly bent, not locked into place, in a natural posture. As if you were astride a horse, your legs will be further apart and your body will be lower in a horse-riding attitude.

To develop your speed and technique, you might stay in your starting posture and throw one punch after another.

Step 2: Get Your Fist Ready

Hold your hand out straight in front of you as if you were about to shake someone’s hand to create a perfect fist. Curl all of your fingers into a tight fist in your palm. Finally, as indicated in the illustration below, tuck your thumb in on top of your fingers. Bring your fist to your hip and nestle it against your side, palm up.

Step 3: Select a Goal

The face and the solar plexus are the two most efficient punching targets on the human body. Before you throw your punch, you’ll need to pick which one you’re going for. It’s effective to hit the face almost anyplace. If you want to prevent getting blood, stay away from the nose.

The soft region right under the ribs is the solar plexus. For a few minutes, a powerful strike to this bundle of nerves can leave your opponent dazed and gasping for oxygen.

Step 4: Deliver Your Punch

Now it’s time to attack your target with your hand extended in a straight line, twisted at the end so that your fist is palm down as you strike. The first two knuckles (index and middle finger knuckles) should be your primary hitting surface because they are the strongest section of your hand. On the two knuckles known as karate knuckles, practitioners who have trained landing karate blows for a long period may acquire visible calluses.

Your punch should extend entirely straight out, with your elbow brushing against your side as it does so. Maintain a calm demeanour as you deliver the punch until it connects with your intended target.

Step 5: Detonate a Detonation Charge at Your Target

You’ll want to tense your muscles – all of your muscles — right before you make contact with your target. It’s necessary to tense the muscles in your hand and arm, but you should also tighten your core, buttocks, hips, and legs. This will channel all of your body’s energy into your fist, resulting in maximum impact.

Keep in mind that you should stop just short of hitting your classmate, but you should complete all of the punch’s actions, including contracting your muscles. Feel free to blow through that bad boy if you’re striking a target.

Finish with a strong Kiai for more punch.

2. Oi-Zuki Lunching Punch

The lunching punch combines the fundamental punch we just discussed with a forward movement to form the lunching punch (lunge). The punch gains a huge amount of strength from the kinetic energy of the forward stride.

Step 1: Take a forward stance.

Start with your feet shoulder-width apart in a forward stance. Instead of standing in a straight line, one foot (opposite the striking hand) should be directly in front of you, with the toe twisted slightly to the inside, and the other should be directly behind you. You should be able to easily keep your balance with this base if you are standing appropriately and someone pushes your shoulder.

Nest your hand palm up at your hip, just like the fundamental punch.

Step 2: Take Action

The arm action is the same, but the variation here is in the feet. You’ll take a stride forward with your back leg as you throw your blow (same side as the punching hand).

As you take the step, keep your head level and avoid moving up and down. In addition, rather moving straight forward, you should arc the leg inward slightly in a curved motion. Instead of picking up the foot from the floor, slide it over it.

Step 3: Destroy Your Opponent

End the technique with the opposing leg in the same shoulder-width apart posture as you started. Tense all of your muscles a split second before impact, and pump that force through your body from the heel of your rear leg to the tip of your striking knuckles. For greatest power, exhale quickly or Kiai.

3. Gyaku-zuki – Reverse Punch

The reversal improves on the fundamental punch by adding a sharp hip twist that, when done perfectly, will demolish your opponent.

Step 1: Take a forward stance.

Begin in a front stance, with one foot in front of you and the other behind you, feet shoulder-width apart. You should be able to maintain your equilibrium even if someone pushes your shoulder.

Step 2: Finish with a Hip Twist

The fundamental arm punching movement is the same. The punching fist is positioned palm up at your hip. You’ll strike with the first two knuckles, flipping the fist over as you punch to land in the same position.

You’ll add a hip twist this time, much like you would when throwing a ball as hard as you can. This draws strength from your body’s powerful core and directs it at your opponent through your bony (and painful!) fist.

Bring your hips around at the same time as your punch, allowing the energy to travel from your arm to your target before tensing your muscles. Watch your opponent reel from the impact as you kiai or exhale.

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