One of the foundations of martial arts training is taekwondo forms. They’re a sequence of coordinated motions that assist pupils build strength, balance, and mental focus.
There are a myriad of forms that have been evolved over the years among the many schools of Taekwondo. However, there are a handful that stand out as the most extensively used and taught Taekwondo forms.
It is sometimes confused with other martial arts such as Karate or Kung Fu. Taekwondo, on the other hand, is uniquely Korean, having its own history and development. Before commencing their performance, students must memorise the Korean name for their form and repeat it to the teacher.
Color belts are taught eight essential Taekwondo forms. World Taekwondo uses the Taegeuk version of these forms (formerly the World Taekwondo Federation). However, some Taekwondo schools choose to utilise the Palgwe version, which is an earlier form. Taegeuk is a Korean word that means “union of opposites” or “yin and yang.”
The 1-8 Taegeuk style forms are the first eight Taekwondo forms we’ll look at. In Asian philosophy, each shape represents one of the eight divination signs.
We’ll also look at certain schools’ white belt forms, as well as the more difficult black belt forms.
Il Jang is a fundamental form that takes the pupil through a series of simple movements. To develop the student’s footwork, it generally comprises of strolling stances and front stances.
With a few low blocks and middle punches, as well as a basic front kick, the hand positions are straightforward.
Keon, or “heaven and yang,” is represented by this shape. Il Jang is the beginning of Taekwondo training, much as Keon is the beginning of creation.
Taegeuk 1 – Taegeuk Il Jang – Taegeuk Il Jang – Taegeuk Il Jang – Ta
Ee Jang, the following form, represents Tae, or inner strength and outside softness. Low punches, middle punches, middle blocks, rising blocks, front snap kicks, and high punches are all included.
It gets a little difficult when it comes to foot alignment. Students must master landing the front snap kick cleanly into a firm, deep front stance. Furthermore, there is a 270-degree turn that must be done flawlessly at one point.
Ee Jang Taegeuk 2 Taegeuk
With Sam Jang, who represents Ra, or “hot and dazzling,” things grow even more exciting.
With various combination techniques, Sam Jang takes the pupil to the next level. Before going to the next position, the pupil must, for example, perform a front kick followed by a punch with either hand. Strikes with the knife hand and centre blocks with the knife hand are introduced.
Sam Jang Taegeuk 3 Taegeuk 3 Taegeuk 3 Taegeuk 3 Taegeuk 3 Taege
Thunder, or “great might and majesty,” is represented by the Sa Jang form. This style employs a double knife-hand block and blows. The sidekick, as well as the back fist, make an appearance.
This one has a lot of movement, which makes the balance task more difficult. To keep on track, students must concentrate intensely.
Taegeuk 4 Taegeuk Sa Jang Taegeuk 4 Taegeuk Sa Jang Taegeuk 4 Tae
Oh Jang is the wind, which is both a powerful force and a soothing presence. There are a number of combination movements that combine the use of both hands and feet. Elbow strikes are also present in this type, as is the strong sidekick.
The form culminates in a twist stance, which further tests the student’s balance.
Oh Jang Taegeuk 5 Taegeuk
Water symbolises unceasing flow and tenderness in Taekwondo’s blue belt style, Yuk Jang. You’ve heard about how water is adaptive but powerful enough to cut a rock out of the ground.
Several other kicks and punches-based combination manoeuvres are also included. The form concludes with a series of backward-stepping motions.
Yook Jang Taegeuk 6 Taegeuk Yook Jang Taegeuk Yook Jang Taegeuk Yook Jang
The mountain, which denotes ponder and firmness, is represented by Chil Jang, the Taekwondo brown belt form. The student’s mobility and balance improve as the footwork becomes more difficult.
Palm blocks and backfists, as well as the difficult scissor block, appear several times. The form also includes knee strikes, uppercuts, and crescent kicks.
Taegeuk Chil Jang Taegeuk Chil Jang Taegeuk Chil Jang Taegeuk Chil Jang Ta
Kon, the ground, is represented by this ultimate colour belt shape (yin). Heaven (yang) is at the beginning and earth (yin) is at the conclusion of the shapes (yin).
In order, this is the most difficult Taekwondo form. There are other combination movements, including leaping kicks, that test the student’s balance and flexibility.
Taegeuk 8 Pal Jang Taegeuk
Beginning Taekwondo pupils are also taught white belt forms in some schools. Although Kibon 1 or Kibon Hana is the most popular, some schools may teach all six Kibon forms.
These forms are aimed for complete novices and focus on the most basic principles.
White Belt Form of Kibon Poomse
There are nine more Kukkiwon Taekwondo forms to learn once a pupil achieves the rank of Black Belt. The first of them is Koryo. With combination kicks and other advanced movements, the forms begin to seem more amazing.
This TKD shape represents seonbae, which translates to “learned man.” Koryo was also the name of a major Korean kingdom that saw the development of various weaponless Korean martial arts.
Taekwondo Koryo Poomsae
“Keumgang” means “diamond,” which also implies “hardness” and “ponder.” In Korea, there is a mountain called Keumgang that is said to be the spiritual heart of the country. Buddha also gave the title of Mightiest Warrior to Keumgang Yeoksa. This form’s name is derived from both of these ideas.
In this discipline, where one-legged postures and fast spinning motions from one technique to the next are prevalent, balance is crucial.
Tangun, the founder of the Korean country, ruled atop Taebaek, which means brilliant mountain. It also carries Tangun’s humanistic principles and the notion of the sacredness of the soul.
This advanced version has a variety of combination movements that test the student’s memory and focus while also training their bodies.
Pyongwon is a large plain believed to be the source of life for all living things. The shape is based on the concepts of peace and strife.
This form has a lot of complex steps and moves that put the student’s commitment to the test.
Poomsae Pyongwon Taekwondo Black Belt
The Korean idea of ten longevity inspired the name sipjin. According to this theory, there are ten long-lived animals. The sun, the moon, the river, the mountain, the stone, the pine tree, the tortoise, the deer, the crane, and the plant of endless youth are among them.
Slow movements mixed with significant muscular tension are used in this discipline to build strength, particularly in the arms. There are also portions when a variety of tactics are hurled at you in fast succession.
Poomsae Sipjin is a black belt in Taekwondo.
Jitae refers to a guy standing with his two feet on the ground, gazing up towards the sky. The lone individual fights for human survival.
This style, like Sipjin, has slow-motion motions followed by fast bursts of action. These motions are designed to depict human life’s challenges and the battle for survival.
Poomsae Jitae Poomsae Jitae Poomsae Jitae Poomsae Jitae Pooms
Cheonkwon, or the Great Mighty of Heaven, is the source of all life. Important sites and individuals in ancient Korea were referred to be “heavenly” because of their reverence for Heaven’s Great Mighty. The Han people, the first “heavenly” race, founded the Taekwondo philosophy’s idea and deed.
For this form to operate well, you must have good footwork. Near the finish, a difficult jump kick helps pupils learn balance and concentration.
Hansu is the Japanese word for water, which sustains life and aids the growth of all living things. As a result, Hansu stands for a variety of ideas, including power and frailty, magnanimity, harmony, and flexibility.
The learner moves on a diagonal in this form, which is not very frequent in TKD forms. The pupil also takes several steps backward.
Saint Wonhyo, a prominent Buddhist priest of the Silla kingdom, developed the Ilyeo doctrine. He preached the unity of mind and body, which is what this shape is supposed to depict.
The student’s strength and focus are improved by using slow, controlled motions. A difficult sequence of jumping sidekicks also puts your balance and control to the test.
Chon-Ji is a Taekwondo form that we’ll discuss to finish out our collection of Taekwondo forms. This is the first of the ITF’s 24 Taekwondo forms (International Taekwondo Federation). The World Taekwondo (WT) and the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) are the two most important Taekwondo organisations in the world.
General Choi created the 24 forms used in ITF styles to correlate to the 24 hours in a day. Except for the first, each form is named after a significant figure in Korean history to respect their ancestors.